前回 (第3回) の内容

株式会社ハイパーボックス -HYPER BOX- の相原と申します。

前回は、

  • IPS機能の有効化
  • 攻撃パターンの選択
  • フラット防御の有効化
  • ポートスキャン防御の有効化
  • 高度な脅威防御(Advanced Threat Protection)の設定

を紹介しました。

第4回となる今回は、Sophos UTMにおけるWebサーバプロテクション(WAF)の設定を紹介していきたいと思います。

第1回 インスタンスの作成から初期設定まで
第2回 簡易的なネットワーク構成の構築、ファイアウォールの設定、DNATの設定
第3回 ネットワークプロテクション 侵入防御(IPS)の設定、高度な脅威防御(ATP)の設定
第4回 Webサーバプロテクション(WAF)の設定
第5回 Webサーバプロテクション(WAF)とロードバランシングの設定

 

 

第4回 Webサーバプロテクション(WAF)の設定

 

今回の概要

ファイアウォールプロファイルの作成
デフォルトのプロファイルをコピーし、モードを変更

バックエンドWebサーバの作成
WAFで保護する対象のWebサーバを設定

新規仮想Webサーバの作成
仮想Webサーバ (リバースプロキシ) を作成

WAFの動作確認用にWordPressをインストール
バックエンドWebサーバにWordPressをインストール

WAFのライブログ確認とフィルタルールのスキップ設定
WAFのライブログを確認、誤検出となるルールをスキップするようにフィルタを設定

インフラストラクチャルールについて
「フィルタールールをスキップ」リストにルールIDを追加する際の注意事項

WAFの動作確認
「wordpress-server」へ攻撃、拒否されるか確認

 

ファイアウォールプロファイルの作成

 

デフォルトのファイアウォールプロファイルをコピーする

  1. Webサーバプロテクション > ファイアウォールプロファイル > ファイアウォールプロファイル タブをクリックし、「Basic Protection」の「複製」ボタンをクリックします。
  2. 名前は任意ですが、今回は「TEST Protection」とします。モードは「モニター」にし、その他の項目はデフォルトのままで「保存」ボタンをクリックします。
  3. コピーしたファイアウォールプロファイルが作成されたか確認します。

 

バックエンドWebサーバの作成

 

第2回の記事で作成した「wordpress-server」をバックエンドWebサーバに設定

  1. Webサーバプロテクション > WAF > バックエンドWebサーバ タブをクリックし、「+ 新規バックエンドWebサーバ」をクリックします。
  2. 名前は任意ですが、今回は「wordpress-server」とします、ホストはフォルダアイコンをクリックして、オブジェクトから第2回の記事で作成した「wordpress-server」をドラッグ&ドロップし、タイプは「平文 (HTTP)」を選択、ポートは「80」のままで「保存」ボタンをクリックします。
  3. バックエンドWebサーバが作成されたか確認します。

 

仮想Webサーバの作成

 

「wordpress-server」用の仮想Webサーバを作成

  1. Webサーバプロテクション > WAF > 仮想Webサーバ タブをクリックし、「+ 新規仮想Webサーバ」をクリックします。
  2. 名前は任意ですが、今回は「v-wp-server」とします、インタフェースは「External (Address)」を選択し、タイプは「平文 (HTTP)」を選択、ポートは「80」のままで、ドメインの「 + 」をクリックして、Sophos UTM に付与されたグローバルIPアドレスを入力後、隣の「適用」ボタンをクリックします。
    「パス’/’用の実際のウェブサーバ」で「wordpress-server」にチェックを入れ、ファイアウォールプロファイルは先ほど作成した「TEST Protection」を選択し、「保存」ボタンをクリックします。
  3. トグルスイッチをクリックして仮想Webサーバを有効にします。
  4. リロードをクリックし、仮想Webサーバと紐づけられたバックエンドWebサーバが有効(緑)になっていることを確認します。

 

仮想Webサーバへのアクセス制御

今回はテスト用ですので、サイトの表示確認を行うPCの送信元IPアドレスのみ、TCP-80 への通信を許可する設定とします。また、Sophos UTM のトラフィック・フローについてですが、仮想Webサーバへの通信は「ネットワークプロテクション」の「ファイアウォール」を通りません。「インターネット」→「共有セグメント」→「IPS」→「仮想Webサーバ」→「バックエンドWebサーバ」というフローになります。

  1. Webサーバプロテクション > WAF > サイトパスルーティング タブをクリックし、「v-wp-server: /」の「編集」をクリックします。
  2. 「アクセス制御」にチェックを入れます。
  3. 「許可ネットワーク」の「 + 」をクリックし、「ネットワークオブジェクトを追加」を開きます。名前は任意ですが、今回は「website-confirmation」とします、タイプは「ホスト」を選択し、IPv4アドレスにサイトの表示確認をするPCの送信元IPアドレスを入力して、「ネットワークオブジェクトを追加」内の「保存」ボタンをクリックします。
  4. 「許可ネットワーク」のデフォルトで入っている「Any」をゴミ箱のアイコンをクリックして削除します。
  5. 「保存」ボタンをクリックします。

WAFの動作確認用にWordPressをインストール

バックエンドWebサーバにWordPressをインストールします。
LAMP環境の構築やWordPressのインストールはネット上に情報が潤沢にあるため、本記事では省略します。

本記事における例として使用するOS・ソフトウェアの各バージョンは下記になります。

[root@wordpress-server ~]# cat /etc/redhat-release
CentOS Linux release 7.5.1804 (Core)

[root@wordpress-server ~]# apachectl -v
Server version: Apache/2.4.6 (CentOS)
Server built: Jun 27 2018 13:48:59

[root@wordpress-server ~]# mysql -V
mysql Ver 14.14 Distrib 5.7.22, for Linux (x86_64) using EditLine wrapper

[root@wordpress-server ~]# php -v
PHP 5.4.16 (cli) (built: Apr 12 2018 19:02:01)
Copyright (c) 1997-2013 The PHP Group
Zend Engine v2.4.0, Copyright (c) 1998-2013 Zend Technologies

[root@wordpress-server ~]# cat /var/www/html/wp/wp-includes/version.php | grep wp_version
* @global string $wp_version
$wp_version = '4.9.8';

 

WAFのライブログ確認とフィルタルールのスキップ設定

Sophos UTM のWAFはデフォルト設定が厳格なため、誤検出を防ぐために下記の作業が必要になります。

  1. WAF (ファイアウォール プロファイル) モード:モニターで設定
  2. Webサイトへ正常系アクセス試験を一通り実施
  3. 検出されたルールIDを「フィルタルールをスキップ」リストへ追加

 

サイトへ正常系アクセス、ライブログを確認

  1. Webサーバプロテクション > WAF > 仮想Webサーバ タブをクリックし、「ライブログを開く」をクリックするとライブログのウィンドウが新たに開きます。
  2. 下記のURLへアクセスし、一通りサイト内で行動してみます。
    http://Sophos UTM に付与されたグローバルIPアドレス/
    http://Sophos UTM に付与されたグローバルIPアドレス/wp-login.php

  3. サイト内で行動した後のライブログの一部を見てみましょう。
    ※送信元のIPを「-Source_IP-」、Sophos UTM のグローバルIPを「-Destination_IP-」に変更してあります。
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "^[\\\\d.:]+$" at REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_protocol_anomalies.conf"] [line "98"] [id "960017"] [rev "2"] [msg "Host header is a numeric IP address"] [data "-Destination_IP-"] [severity "WARNING"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "9"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/IP_HOST"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-21"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A7"] [tag "PCI/6.5.10"] [tag "http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2005.01.hackerbasher.aspx"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7AJl-yzAAADu6eL8AAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Rule 9d7d648 [id "981172"][file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"][line "157"] - Execution error - PCRE limits exceeded (-8): (null). [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7AJl-yzAAADu6eL8AAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS:load[]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS:load[]: hoverIntent,common,admin-bar,wp-ajax-response,jquery-color,wp-lists,quicktags,jquery-query,admin-comments,svg-painter,heartbeat,"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7AJl-yzAAADu6eL8AAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS:load[]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS:load[]: wp-auth-check,wp-a11y,wplink,jquery-ui-core,jquery-ui-widget,jquery-ui-position,jquery-ui-menu,jquery-ui-autocomplete"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7AJl-yzAAADu6eL8AAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(.*)" at TX:960017-OWASP_CRS/POLICY/IP_HOST-REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_inbound_blocking.conf"] [line "26"] [id "981176"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 9, SQLi=2, XSS=): Last Matched Message: Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Last Matched Data: -Destination_IP-"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7AJl-yzAAADu6eL8AAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(.*)" at TX:981173-OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/RESTRICTED_SQLI_CHARS-ARGS:load[]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_inbound_blocking.conf"] [line "26"] [id "981176"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 9, SQLi=2, XSS=): Last Matched Message: Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Last Matched Data: -auth-check,wp-a11y,wplink,jquery-"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7AJl-yzAAADu6eL8AAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator GE matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "37"] [id "981204"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Inbound Score: 9, SQLi=2, XSS=): Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7AJl-yzAAADu6eL8AAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="41465" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="GET" statuscode="200" reason="-" extra="-" exceptions="-" time="42445" url="/wp-admin/load-scripts.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="?c=1&load%5B%5D=hoverIntent,common,admin-bar,wp-ajax-response,jquery-color,wp-lists,quicktags,jquery-query,admin-comments,svg-painter,heartbeat,&load%5B%5D=wp-auth-check,wp-a11y,wplink,jquery-ui-core,jquery-ui-widget,jquery-ui-position,jquery-ui-menu,jquery-ui-autocomplete&ver=4.9.8" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-admin/edit-comments.php" cookie="wordpress_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C6911a5e3e657015c25622aeb1ca4ddb1f5ab77ffc6edee88098e2c6cbce17b3c; wp-settings-time-1=1537269668; wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wp-settings-1=hidetb%3D1%26post_dfw%3Doff%26editor%3Dhtml%26libraryContent%3Dbrowse; wordpress_logged_in_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct
2018:09:20-10:42:24 test-utm httpd: 5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C4e9f2092e9657611ff761890eef537ac490a7b4b924b016da91bc54ddd786ffb" set-cookie="-" uid="W6L7AJl-yzAAADu6eL8AAABL"
2018:09:20-10:42:26 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "^[\\\\d.:]+$" at REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_protocol_anomalies.conf"] [line "98"] [id "960017"] [rev "2"] [msg "Host header is a numeric IP address"] [data "-Destination_IP-"] [severity "WARNING"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "9"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/IP_HOST"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-21"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A7"] [tag "PCI/6.5.10"] [tag "http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2005.01.hackerbasher.aspx"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/plugins.php"] [unique_id "W6L7Apl-yzAAADu6eMAAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:26 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Rule 9d7d648 [id "981172"][file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"][line "157"] - Execution error - PCRE limits exceeded (-8): (null). [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/plugins.php"] [unique_id "W6L7Apl-yzAAADu6eMAAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator LT matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "33"] [id "981203"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score (Total Inbound Score: 3, SQLi=, XSS=): Host header is a numeric IP address"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/plugins.php"] [unique_id "W6L7Apl-yzAAADu6eMAAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="13029" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="GET" statuscode="200" reason="-" extra="-" exceptions="-" time="1406183" url="/wp-admin/plugins.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-admin/edit-comments.php" cookie="wordpress_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C6911a5e3e657015c25622aeb1ca4ddb1f5ab77ffc6edee88098e2c6cbce17b3c; wp-settings-time-1=1537269668; wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wp-settings-1=hidetb%3D1%26post_dfw%3Doff%26editor%3Dhtml%26libraryContent%3Dbrowse; wordpress_logged_in_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C4e9f2092e9657611ff761890eef537ac490a7b4b924b016da91bc54ddd786ffb" set-cookie="-" uid="W6L7Apl-yzAAADu6eMAAAABL"
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "^[\\\\d.:]+$" at REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_protocol_anomalies.conf"] [line "98"] [id "960017"] [rev "2"] [msg "Host header is a numeric IP address"] [data "-Destination_IP-"] [severity "WARNING"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "9"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/IP_HOST"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-21"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A7"] [tag "PCI/6.5.10"] [tag "http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2005.01.hackerbasher.aspx"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7A5l-yzAAADu6eMEAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Rule 9d7d648 [id "981172"][file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"][line "157"] - Execution error - PCRE limits exceeded (-8): (null). [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7A5l-yzAAADu6eMEAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS:load[]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS:load[]: hoverIntent,common,admin-bar,underscore,wp-util,wp-a11y,updates,jquery-ui-core,thickbox,plugin-install,svg-painter,heartbeat,wp-"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7A5l-yzAAADu6eMEAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(.*)" at TX:960017-OWASP_CRS/POLICY/IP_HOST-REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_inbound_blocking.conf"] [line "26"] [id "981176"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 6, SQLi=1, XSS=): Last Matched Message: Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Last Matched Data: -Destination_IP-"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7A5l-yzAAADu6eMEAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(.*)" at TX:981173-OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/RESTRICTED_SQLI_CHARS-ARGS:load[]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_inbound_blocking.conf"] [line "26"] [id "981176"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 6, SQLi=1, XSS=): Last Matched Message: Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Last Matched Data: -bar,underscore,wp-util,wp-a11y,updates,jquery-"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7A5l-yzAAADu6eMEAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator GE matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "37"] [id "981204"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Inbound Score: 6, SQLi=1, XSS=): Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/load-scripts.php"] [unique_id "W6L7A5l-yzAAADu6eMEAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="30991" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="GET" statuscode="200" reason="-" extra="-" exceptions="-" time="32270" url="/wp-admin/load-scripts.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="?c=1&load%5B%5D=hoverIntent,common,admin-bar,underscore,wp-util,wp-a11y,updates,jquery-ui-core,thickbox,plugin-install,svg-painter,heartbeat,wp-&load%5B%5D=auth-check&ver=4.9.8" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-admin/plugins.php" cookie="wordpress_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C6911a5e3e657015c25622aeb1ca4ddb1f5ab77ffc6edee88098e2c6cbce17b3c; wp-settings-time-1=1537269668; wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wp-settings-1=hidetb%3D1%26post_dfw%3Doff%26editor%3Dhtml%26libraryContent%3Dbrowse; wordpress_logged_in_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C4e9f2092e9657611ff761890eef537ac490a7b4b924b016da91bc54ddd786ffb" se
2018:09:20-10:42:27 test-utm httpd: t-cookie="-" uid="W6L7A5l-yzAAADu6eMEAAABa"
2018:09:20-10:42:29 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "^[\\\\d.:]+$" at REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_protocol_anomalies.conf"] [line "98"] [id "960017"] [rev "2"] [msg "Host header is a numeric IP address"] [data "-Destination_IP-"] [severity "WARNING"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "9"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/IP_HOST"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-21"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A7"] [tag "PCI/6.5.10"] [tag "http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2005.01.hackerbasher.aspx"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/users.php"] [unique_id "W6L7BZl-yzAAADu6eMIAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:29 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Rule 9d7d648 [id "981172"][file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"][line "157"] - Execution error - PCRE limits exceeded (-8): (null). [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/users.php"] [unique_id "W6L7BZl-yzAAADu6eMIAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:29 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator LT matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "33"] [id "981203"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score (Total Inbound Score: 3, SQLi=, XSS=): Host header is a numeric IP address"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/users.php"] [unique_id "W6L7BZl-yzAAADu6eMIAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:29 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="9369" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="GET" statuscode="200" reason="-" extra="-" exceptions="-" time="368091" url="/wp-admin/users.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-admin/plugins.php" cookie="wp-settings-time-1=1537269668; wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wp-settings-1=hidetb%3D1%26post_dfw%3Doff%26editor%3Dhtml%26libraryContent%3Dbrowse; wordpress_logged_in_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C4e9f2092e9657611ff761890eef537ac490a7b4b924b016da91bc54ddd786ffb; wordpress_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C6911a5e3e657015c25622aeb1ca4ddb1f5ab77ffc6edee88098e2c6cbce17b3c" set-cookie="-" uid="W6L7BZl-yzAAADu6eMIAAABa"
2018:09:20-10:42:30 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3810900848] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "^[\\\\d.:]+$" at REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_protocol_anomalies.conf"] [line "98"] [id "960017"] [rev "2"] [msg "Host header is a numeric IP address"] [data "-Destination_IP-"] [severity "WARNING"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "9"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/IP_HOST"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-21"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A7"] [tag "PCI/6.5.10"] [tag "http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2005.01.hackerbasher.aspx"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/options-general.php"] [unique_id "W6L7Bpl-yzAAADu6eMMAAABY"]
2018:09:20-10:42:30 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3810900848] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Rule 9d7d648 [id "981172"][file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"][line "157"] - Execution error - PCRE limits exceeded (-8): (null). [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/options-general.php"] [unique_id "W6L7Bpl-yzAAADu6eMMAAABY"]
2018:09:20-10:42:31 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3810900848] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator LT matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "33"] [id "981203"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score (Total Inbound Score: 3, SQLi=, XSS=): Host header is a numeric IP address"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/options-general.php"] [unique_id "W6L7Bpl-yzAAADu6eMMAAABY"]
2018:09:20-10:42:31 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="18903" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="GET" statuscode="200" reason="-" extra="-" exceptions="-" time="1168412" url="/wp-admin/options-general.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-admin/users.php" cookie="wp-settings-time-1=1537269668; wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wp-settings-1=hidetb%3D1%26post_dfw%3Doff%26editor%3Dhtml%26libraryContent%3Dbrowse; wordpress_logged_in_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C4e9f2092e9657611ff761890eef537ac490a7b4b924b016da91bc54ddd786ffb; wordpress_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C6911a5e3e657015c25622aeb1ca4ddb1f5ab77ffc6edee88098e2c6cbce17b3c" set-cookie="-" uid="W6L7Bpl-yzAAADu6eMMAAABY"
2018:09:20-10:42:35 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "^[\\\\d.:]+$" at REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_protocol_anomalies.conf"] [line "98"] [id "960017"] [rev "2"] [msg "Host header is a numeric IP address"] [data "-Destination_IP-"] [severity "WARNING"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "9"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/IP_HOST"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-21"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A7"] [tag "PCI/6.5.10"] [tag "http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2005.01.hackerbasher.aspx"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/options-permalink.php"] [unique_id "W6L7C5l-yzAAADu6eMQAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:35 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Rule 9d7d648 [id "981172"][file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"][line "157"] - Execution error - PCRE limits exceeded (-8): (null). [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/options-permalink.php"] [unique_id "W6L7C5l-yzAAADu6eMQAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:35 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3794115440] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator LT matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "33"] [id "981203"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score (Total Inbound Score: 3, SQLi=, XSS=): Host header is a numeric IP address"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/options-permalink.php"] [unique_id "W6L7C5l-yzAAADu6eMQAAABa"]
2018:09:20-10:42:35 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="8774" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="GET" statuscode="200" reason="-" extra="-" exceptions="-" time="379844" url="/wp-admin/options-permalink.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-admin/options-general.php" cookie="wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wp-settings-1=hidetb%3D1%26post_dfw%3Doff%26editor%3Dhtml%26libraryContent%3Dbrowse; wordpress_logged_in_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C4e9f2092e9657611ff761890eef537ac490a7b4b924b016da91bc54ddd786ffb; wordpress_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C6911a5e3e657015c25622aeb1ca4ddb1f5ab77ffc6edee88098e2c6cbce17b3c; wp-settings-time-1=1537269668" set-cookie="-" uid="W6L7C5l-yzAAADu6eMQAAABa"
2018:09:20-10:42:39 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3810900848] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "^[\\\\d.:]+$" at REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_protocol_anomalies.conf"] [line "98"] [id "960017"] [rev "2"] [msg "Host header is a numeric IP address"] [data "-Destination_IP-"] [severity "WARNING"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "9"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/IP_HOST"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-21"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A7"] [tag "PCI/6.5.10"] [tag "http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2005.01.hackerbasher.aspx"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/edit.php"] [unique_id "W6L7D5l-yzAAADu6eMUAAABY"]
2018:09:20-10:42:39 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3810900848] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Rule 9d7d648 [id "981172"][file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"][line "157"] - Execution error - PCRE limits exceeded (-8): (null). [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/edit.php"] [unique_id "W6L7D5l-yzAAADu6eMUAAABY"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3810900848] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator LT matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "33"] [id "981203"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score (Total Inbound Score: 3, SQLi=, XSS=): Host header is a numeric IP address"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/edit.php"] [unique_id "W6L7D5l-yzAAADu6eMUAAABY"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="12372" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="GET" statuscode="200" reason="-" extra="-" exceptions="-" time="505373" url="/wp-admin/edit.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="?post_type=page" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-admin/options-permalink.php" cookie="wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wp-settings-1=hidetb%3D1%26post_dfw%3Doff%26editor%3Dhtml%26libraryContent%3Dbrowse; wordpress_logged_in_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C4e9f2092e9657611ff761890eef537ac490a7b4b924b016da91bc54ddd786ffb; wordpress_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C6911a5e3e657015c25622aeb1ca4ddb1f5ab77ffc6edee88098e2c6cbce17b3c; wp-settings-time-1=1537269668" set-cookie="-" uid="W6L7D5l-yzAAADu6eMUAAABY"
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "^[\\\\d.:]+$" at REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_protocol_anomalies.conf"] [line "98"] [id "960017"] [rev "2"] [msg "Host header is a numeric IP address"] [data "-Destination_IP-"] [severity "WARNING"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "9"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/PROTOCOL_VIOLATION/IP_HOST"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-21"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A7"] [tag "PCI/6.5.10"] [tag "http://technet.microsoft.com/en-us/magazine/2005.01.hackerbasher.aspx"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Rule 9d7d648 [id "981172"][file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"][line "157"] - Execution error - PCRE limits exceeded (-8): (null). [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]: data[wp-check-locked-posts][]"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]: data[wp-check-locked-posts][]"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]: data[wp-check-locked-posts][]"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]: data[wp-check-locked-posts][]"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]: data[wp-check-locked-posts][]"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]: data[wp-check-locked-posts][]"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "([\\\\~\\\\!\\\\@\\\\#\\\\$\\\\%\\\\^\\\\&\\\\*\\\\(\\\\)\\\\-\\\\+\\\\=\\\\{\\\\}\\\\[\\\\]\\\\|\\\\:\\\\;\\"\\\\'\\\\\\xc2\\xb4\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\\\\\xe2\\x80\\x98\\\\`\\\\<\\\\>].*?){4,}" at ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "159"] [id "981173"] [rev "2"] [msg "Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Matched Data: - found within ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]: data[wp-check-locked-posts][]"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "9"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(.*)" at TX:960017-OWASP_CRS/POLICY/IP_HOST-REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_inbound_blocking.conf"] [line "26"] [id "981176"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 24, SQLi=7, XSS=): Last Matched Message: Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Last Matched Data: -Destination_IP-"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(.*)" at TX:981173-OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/RESTRICTED_SQLI_CHARS-ARGS_NAMES:data[wp-check-locked-posts][]. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_inbound_blocking.conf"] [line "26"] [id "981176"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 24, SQLi=7, XSS=): Last Matched Message: Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [data "Last Matched Data: [wp-check-locked-"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd[15290]: [security2:error] [pid 15290:tid 3920006000] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator GE matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "37"] [id "981204"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Inbound Score: 24, SQLi=7, XSS=): Restricted SQL Character Anomaly Detection Alert - Total # of special characters exceeded"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php"] [unique_id "W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"]
2018:09:20-10:42:40 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="47" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="POST" statuscode="200" reason="-" extra="-" exceptions="-" time="380459" url="/wp-admin/admin-ajax.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-admin/edit.php?post_type=page" cookie="wordpress_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C6911a5e3e657015c25622aeb1ca4ddb1f5ab77ffc6edee88098e2c6cbce17b3c; wp-settings-time-1=1537269668; wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; wp-settings-1=hidetb%3D1%26post_dfw%3Doff%26editor%3Dhtml%26libraryContent%3Dbrowse; wordpress_logged_in_1e63e35c63580160e360c0bc47a51f92=hyper-wdprs%7C1537580508%7Ct5i4qj8wvqfW9gjr2ujcwyZTtKwldu1P1lpDLSLI38o%7C4e9f2092e9657611ff761890eef537ac490a7b4b924b016da91bc54ddd786ffb" set-cookie="-" uid="W6L7EJl-yzAAADu6eMYAAABL"

 

ライブログに出力されたルールIDを確認

  • ライブログに出力されたルールIDは、下記の8つで、そのうち3つのルールIDはインフラストラクチャルールになります。
    ※インフラストラクチャルールにつきましては後ほど説明します。
[id "950117"]
[id "960024"]
[id "970003"]
[id "981172"]
[id "981173"]
[id "981176"] ←インフラストラクチャルール
[id "981203"] ←インフラストラクチャルール
[id "981204"] ←インフラストラクチャルール
  • 検出されたルールIDのうち下記の5つを「フィルタルールのスキップ」リストに追加します。
[id "950117"]
[id "960024"]
[id "970003"]
[id "981172"]
[id "981173"]

 

「フィルタルールのスキップ」へ、誤検出のルールIDを追加

  1. Webサーバプロテクション > ファイアウォールプロファイル > ファイアウォールプロファイル タブをクリックし、先ほど作成した「TEST Protection」の「編集」ボタンをクリックします。
  2. 「モード」を拒否に変更、「フィルタルールのスキップ」の「 + 」をクリックし、スキップするルールIDを入力して「適用」ボタンをクリックします。
  3. 5つのルールIDを入力後に「保存」ボタンをクリックします。

 

インフラストラクチャルールについて

入力するルールIDによって、警告メッセージが表示される場合があります。例として、[id “981176”] を追加した状態を紹介します。

「保存」ボタンをクリックすると、赤い文字で下記のように警告されます。
———————————————————————————————————————————
スキップしたフィルタールールのリストには、
以下の必要なインフラストラクチャルールが含まれます: 981176
必要なインフラストラクチャルールを無効にすると、
攻撃がウェブアプリケーションファイヤーウォールによってブロックされないことがあります。
———————————————————————————————————————————

 
WAFのルールは攻撃のカテゴリごとに依存関係を持っており、インフラストラクチャルールとは「その中でも根幹となる重要なルール」です。「フィルタルールのスキップ」には、非インフラストラクチャルールのみ入力されることをお勧めします。

以下にインフラストラクチャルールのルールIDを示します。

981020
981021
981022
981175
981176
981200
981201
981202
981203
981204
981205

 

WAFの動作確認

ひととおりWAFの設定が完了しましたので、攻撃を実行して反応を確認したいと思います。

「wp-login.php」に、クロスサイトスクリプティング攻撃を行います。具体的な攻撃方法の解説は省略します。

http://Sophos UTM に付与されたグローバルIPアドレス/wp-login.php

攻撃後のWAFのライブログを見てみましょう。
※送信元のIPを「-Source_IP-」、Sophos UTM のグローバルIPを「-Destination_IP-」に変更してあります。

2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(?i)(]*>[\\\\s\\\\S]*?<\\\\/script[^>]*>|<script[^>]*>[\\\\s\\\\S]*?<\\\\/script[[\\\\s\\\\S]]*[\\\\s\\\\S]|<script[^>]*>[\\\\s\\\\S]*?<\\\\/script[\\\\s]*[\\\\s]|<script[^>]*>[\\\\s\\\\S]*?<\\\\/script|<script[^>]*>[\\\\s\\\\S]*?)" at ARGS:log. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_xss_attacks.conf"] [line "14"] [id "973336"] [rev "1"] [msg "XSS Filter - Category 1: Script Tag Vector"] [data "Matched Data: <script><alert('XSS');> found within ARGS:log: <alert('XSS');>"] [severity "CRITICAL"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "1"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/XSS"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-8"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-22"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A2"] [tag "OWASP_AppSensor/IE1"] [tag "PCI/6.5.1"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "\\\\balert\\\\b\\\\W*?\\\\(" at ARGS:log. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_xss_attacks.conf"] [line "163"] [id "958052"] [rev "2"] [msg "Cross-site Scripting (XSS) Attack"] [data "Matched Data: alert( found within ARGS:log: <alert('xss');>"] [severity "CRITICAL"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "8"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/XSS"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-8"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-22"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A2"] [tag "OWASP_AppSensor/IE1"] [tag "PCI/6.5.1"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "\\\\< ?script\\\\b" at ARGS:log. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_xss_attacks.conf"] [line "211"] [id "958051"] [rev "2"] [msg "Cross-site Scripting (XSS) Attack"] [data "Matched Data: <alert('xss');>"] [severity "CRITICAL"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "8"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/XSS"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-8"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-22"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A2"] [tag "OWASP_AppSensor/IE1"] [tag "PCI/6.5.1"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "<(a|abbr|acronym|address|applet|area|audioscope|b|base|basefront|bdo|bgsound|big|blackface|blink|blockquote|body|bq|br|button|caption|center|cite|code|col|colgroup|comment|dd|del|dfn|dir|div|dl|dt|em|embed|fieldset|fn|font|form|frame|frameset|h1|head|h ..." at ARGS:log. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_xss_attacks.conf"] [line "301"] [id "973300"] [rev "2"] [msg "Possible XSS Attack Detected - HTML Tag Handler"] [data "Matched Data: found within ARGS:log: <script><alert('xss');>"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "8"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/XSS"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-8"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-22"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A2"] [tag "OWASP_AppSensor/IE1"] [tag "PCI/6.5.1"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(fromcharcode|alert|eval)\\\\s*\\\\(" at ARGS:log. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_xss_attacks.conf"] [line "391"] [id "973307"] [rev "2"] [msg "XSS Attack Detected"] [data "Matched Data: alert( found within ARGS:log: <alert('xss');>"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "8"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/XSS"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-8"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-22"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A2"] [tag "OWASP_AppSensor/IE1"] [tag "PCI/6.5.1"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "[/'\\"<]xss[/'\\">]" at ARGS:log. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_xss_attacks.conf"] [line "432"] [id "973310"] [rev "2"] [msg "XSS Attack Detected"] [data "Matched Data: 'xss' found within ARGS:log: <alert('xss');>"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "8"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/XSS"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-8"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-22"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A2"] [tag "OWASP_AppSensor/IE1"] [tag "PCI/6.5.1"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(?i:)" at ARGS:log. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_xss_attacks.conf"] [line "472"] [id "973331"] [rev "2"] [msg "IE XSS Filters - Attack Detected."] [data "Matched Data: <script> found within ARGS:log: <script><alert('XSS');>"] [ver "OWASP_CRS/2.2.7"] [maturity "8"] [accuracy "8"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/XSS"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-8"] [tag "WASCTC/WASC-22"] [tag "OWASP_TOP_10/A2"] [tag "OWASP_AppSensor/IE1"] [tag "PCI/6.5.1"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Pattern match "(?i:(?:[\\"'`\\xc2\\xb4\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\xe2\\x80\\x98]\\\\s*?\\\\*.+(?:x?or|div|like|between|and|id)\\\\W*?[\\"'`\\xc2\\xb4\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\xe2\\x80\\x98]\\\\d)|(?:\\\\^[\\"'`\\xc2\\xb4\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\xe2\\x80\\x98])|(?:^[\\\\w\\\\s\\"'`\\xc2\\xb4\\xe2\\x80\\x99\\xe2\\x80\\x98-]+(?<=and\\\\s)(?<=or|xor ..." at ARGS:log. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_sql_injection_attacks.conf"] [line "245"] [id "981243"] [msg "Detects classic SQL injection probings 2/2"] [data "Matched Data: <alert('X found within ARGS:log: <alert('XSS');>"] [severity "CRITICAL"] [tag "OWASP_CRS/WEB_ATTACK/SQL_INJECTION"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Access denied with code 403 (phase 2). Pattern match "(.*)" at TX:960017-OWASP_CRS/POLICY/IP_HOST-REQUEST_HEADERS:Host. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_inbound_blocking.conf"] [line "26"] [id "981176"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 43, SQLi=1, XSS=35): Last Matched Message: 981243-Detects classic SQL injection probings 2/2"] [data "Last Matched Data: -Destination_IP-"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd[13299]: [security2:error] [pid 13299:tid 3836078960] [client -Source_IP-] ModSecurity: Warning. Operator GE matched 5 at TX:inbound_anomaly_score. [file "/usr/apache/conf/waf/modsecurity_crs_correlation.conf"] [line "37"] [id "981204"] [msg "Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Inbound Score: 43, SQLi=1, XSS=35): 981243-Detects classic SQL injection probings 2/2"] [hostname "-Destination_IP-"] [uri "/wp-login.php"] [unique_id "W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"]
2018:09:20-12:11:20 test-utm httpd: id="0299" srcip="-Source_IP-" localip="-Destination_IP-" size="221" user="-" host="-Source_IP-" method="POST" statuscode="403" reason="waf" extra="Inbound Anomaly Score Exceeded (Total Score: 43, SQLi=1, XSS=35): Last Matched Message: 981243-Detects classic SQL injection probings 2/2" exceptions="-" time="9692" url="/wp-login.php" server="-Destination_IP-" port="80" query="" referer="http://-Destination_IP-/wp-login.php" cookie="wordpress_test_cookie=WP+Cookie+check; HASH_wordpress_test_cookie=6933FB821B7169B5EFF1C73B7F136AC56CA5303C" set-cookie="-" uid="W6MP2Jl-yzAAADPzHDgAAABV"

「XSS Attack Detected」とクロスサイトスクリプティング攻撃が検出され、「Access denied with code 403」で、アクセスを拒否して ステータスコード403 を返したことが出力されています。

ブラウザの表示は下記になります。

バックエンドに設置した「wordpress-server」が Sophos UTM の WAF機能により、攻撃から保護されていることを確認できました。

 

仮想Webサーバの設定についての補足

仮想Webサーバは、指定したバックエンドWebサーバのリバースプロキシとして動作します。この仕様により、サイトの作りによっては表示遅延や、表示崩れ等が発生する場合があります。

WAF使用の際、サイトの表示に問題が生じた場合は、該当する仮想Webサーバを編集します。「詳細」をクリックし、「HTMLリライティング」と「cookiesリライティング」にチェックを入れ、「保存」ボタンをクリックした後、再びサイトの表示を試してみてください。

 

今回はここまで

今回のWAF設定は情報量が多くなり、複雑な印象をもった方もいると思いますが、段階を踏んで下記の5段階の工程を行えば、設定は難しくありません。

  1. ファイアウォールプロファイルの作成
  2. バックエンドWebサーバの作成
  3. 仮想Webサーバの作成
  4. 正常系アクセスのテスト、WAFのライブログを確認
  5. 「フィルタルールのスキップ」リストへ、誤検出のルールIDの追加

次回は、Webサーバプロテクション WAF設定の続きで、バックエンドWebサーバのロードバランスについて紹介させて頂く予定です。